Mental anxieties are a common problem these days. You might feel distressed when you face any problems at work, before making any decision or before giving a test. It happens in any stage of human life from child, adults, or elderly citizens. These anxiety disorders include a sense of more than fear or temporary worry. If a person faces any anxiety disorder, this anxiety does not elapse instantly but gets worse over a period of time. The chronic symptoms start showing signs in your daily activities such as school work, job performance, and relationships.
Depression is one such ailment where people start feeling a lack of energy, loss of interest and low feelings such as deprivation towards certain things or abandonment. It occurs over long periods which lasts more than two weeks period and result in abnormal mood-swings with low self-esteem.
Symptoms of Depression
Depression shows emotional swings such as :
• Sad feeling
• Empty feelings or feeling deprived or worthless
• Lack of energy and enthusiasm
• Down feeling
Other depression symptoms result physically which includes
• Tired feeling
• Loneliness for long periods
Symptoms of depression may last long if not cured on time. People find it difficult to talk about their mental illness out of shame or worrying about being judged by their family, friends, or close relatives. There are certain things you can do if you find your closed ones suffering from depression by taking care of them or motivating them that gives them some relief.
Types of Anxiety Disorder
A person can face various types of anxiety disorder. Some of which are discussed below:
Generalized anxiety disorder: You may have unnecessary tension and worry over little issues or for no reason you may feel excessive distress.
Panic disorder: An instant feeling of fear all of a sudden can give you panic attacks. Such kind of panic attack can lead to chest pain and sweating and a rising heartbeat(palpitations). You may also feel like a choke or a heart attack.
Social anxiety disorder: Also known as social phobia. This is a state of massive worry and becoming self-conscious in daily life situations when meeting people. You may have a feeling of excessive worries about others’ remarks or comments on how others will judge you. You may also feel embarrassed at such situations or being ridiculed.
Specific phobias : You may have an acute phobia or fear of a particular situation or object. It can be fear of heights or flying. The fear can be apt for a while and may cause you to be away from such situations.
Agoraphobia: A sudden feeling that can make you feel difficult to escape from a place or looking for help if any emergency exists. For instance, a state of panic or anxious feeling triggers you when you are travelling in public transportation, airplane, or queuing up in a crowd.
Separation anxiety: It can happen with anybody at any instance. This is a fearsome situation when you feel anxious with a person whom you are very closed to leave your sight. You may feel distressed overthinking that something bad may happen to the one you love.
Selective mutism: This is a form of social anxiety like what younger children do normally, not speaking in public such as school and are comfortable speaking with their family.
Medication-induced anxiety disorder: It happens when you are taking specific medications or illicit drugs, or trying to withdraw yourself from specific drugs, can induce such anxiety disorder symptoms.
Anxiety Disorder Symptoms
Excessive worry or fear is the acute symptom of anxiety disorders. It can make one difficult to sleep, breathe, and stay calm and concentrate. The specific symptoms differ from person to person and determine the type of anxiety disorder they have.
Common symptoms are:
• Panic, danger, or doom feelings
• Fear, uneasiness, and panic
• Sleep problems
• Unable to stay still and calm or being easily startled.
• Lack of breathlessness
• Faster breathing and more than normal such as hyperventilation
• Dry mouth
• Nausea, irritable bowel syndrome and diarrhea
• Heart palpitations
• Muscle tension
• Repeated thinking about a problem and difficulty in stopping such as rumination
• Difficulty concentrating and sometimes mind goes “blank”
• Obsessive and intense fear objects or places and avoiding it
Causes of Anxiety Disorders
Some anxiety disorders that show symptoms which occur due to:
Genetics : This is a family-oriented anxiety disorder that comes through generations.
Brain chemistry: Such anxiety disorders exist due to the linking of faulty circuits in the brain that controls fearful emotions.
Environmental stress: Living under stressful situations can give you stress that originally comes from external environmental forces. Certain life events are responsible for inducing such anxiety disorders such as parental neglect, childhood abuse, seeing any attack or violence, being attacked, or the death of your closed ones.
Medical conditions: Some of the symptoms can also be caused by your lung, heart, and thyroid conditions that are identical to anxiety disorders or make such symptoms more severe. It’s relevant to get your physical examination done to exclude other medical conditions when you consult your psychiatrist about your anxiety.
Risk Factors of Anxiety Disorders
Some situations or events in life make you prone to anxiety disorder development. These are known as risk factors. Some risk factors are unavoidable, but some can be avoided. Such anxiety disorders risk factors include:
History of a mental health disorder: Mental health disorders such as depression have more chances of increasing your anxiety disorder risk.
Childhood sexual abuse: Any kind of child abuse related to physical, emotional, and sexual is associated with an anxiety disorder in later life.
Trauma: Any occurrence of tragedy or mishaps leaves a traumatic experience in mind, raising the risk of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), in turn, leads to panic attacks.
Negative life events: Negative and stressful situations of life like accidental death of a loved one, loss of a parent in early childhood, raises the risk of anxiety disorder.
Acute illness or critical health condition: Having an overwhelming feeling by consistent thinking and worrying about your health or the health of your closed ones, or having concern for the sick, can make you feel anxious.
Substance abuse: Regular consumption of alcohol and illegal drugs makes you more prone to anxiety disorder. Some people consume these substances for getting relief or shunning from anxiety symptoms.
Being shy as a child: Shyness and withdrawing from unknown people and places during childhood is associated with social anxiety in teenagers and adults.
Low self-esteem: Inferior perception or negative feelings about yourself may result in social anxiety disorder.
Anxiety Disorder Treatments
There are various treatments to minimize and manage anxiety disorder symptoms. Normally, people with anxiety disorder consume medicine and prefer counseling sessions.
Anxiety disorder treatment includes:
Medication : Anxiety disorder treatments can be treated through various drugs. Consult your doctor or psychiatrist about the merits and demerits of each medicine to decide which one suits you the best.
Antidepressants: You can also take modern antidepressants such as SSRIS and SNRIs prescribed by your psychiatrist for treating anxiety.
Bupropion: Chronic anxiety can also be cured using Bupropion. It is independent of SSRIs and SNRIs and works differently.
Other antidepressants: These consist of monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs) and tricyclics. These are less preferred because of its side effects such as drops in blood pressure, dry mouth, blurry vision, and urinary retention. It’s best to consult your psychiatrist and take this medicine only prescribed in limited.
Benzodiazepines: If you are facing consistent panicky feelings or anxiety, then you should take this medicine if only prescribed. It helps to lower your anxiety. Examples of this medication are: clonazepam (Klonopin) and alprazolam (Xanax), valium, Xanax, ativan. Other medications such as diazepam and lorazepam are also benzodiazepines that treat anxiety disorders, muscle spasms and reduce the intake of alcohol. It is added with other medications to treat seizures.
Xanax (alprazolam) is a drug, taken as an oral tablet that can be utilized in the treatment of anxiety disorder. Xanax has a place with the benzodiazepine class of prescription, and it’s ordinarily prescribed for anxiety and panic disorder. Xanax is supported to treat nervousness problem and panic disorder, and to diminish side effects of anxiety short-term. These medicines should be consumed in moderation as per prescription. These should be taken only if prescribed by your psychiatrist.
Beta-blockers: If you are facing physical symptoms of anxiety such as heart racing, shaking, or trembling, then you can take beta-blockers. It is a high-blood-pressure drug that can help you feel better. You can feel relaxed by taking this medicine when you experience any acute anxiety attack.
Anticonvulsants: People with epilepsy can take this medicine as it prevents seizures. It can help you relieve specific symptoms of anxiety disorder.
Antipsychotics: You can take a low dose of this drug along with other drugs that expedite other treatments to work better.
Buspirone (BuSpar): This is an anti-anxiety depressant which you can take for treating your chronic anxiety. Only if prescribed by your doctor, you can take this for a few weeks and continue taking if it gives you complete symptom relief. Treat anxiety in COVID-19 pandemic.